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                                                                                      apps where end users can connect
                                                                                      to COMSOL Server through a client
                                                                                      or a web browser. Behind-the-scenes
                                                                                      simulation specialists can easily manage
                                                                                      and deploy their apps and make any
                                                                                      updates available right away through
                                                                                      COMSOL Server.

                                                                                      ð THE BUSINESS OF
                                                                                      BUILDING CUSTOMIZED
                                                                                      SIMULATION APPS

                                                                                      The group has also been involved in

                                                                                      simulation activities for the startup
                                                                                      world. At Vader Systems, a startup

                                                                                      company in Buffalo, NY, founders
                                                                                      Zachary and Scott Vader have developed

FIGURE 2. Cropped screenshot of an app for EDLC analysis.                             an innovative process known as
                                                                                      liquid metal jet printing (LMJP).

                                                                                      Designed to mimic inkjet printing,
                                                                                      this technology, which is based on

membranes with high selectivity is the      COMSOL Server™ product on a               magnetohydrodynamics (MHD),
key to extending the use of membrane        computing cluster through the             involves liquefying a solid metal feed
systems, keeping costs and the overall      university's Center for Computational     and ejecting molten metal droplets via
footprint at a minimum. The team at         Research (CCR) — a supercomputing         a pulsed electromagnetic eld. This
UB developed 3D models to see how           facility that supports scienti c          enables the printing of highly complex
layer thickness, selectivity, and porosity  computing, software engineering, and      3D metal objects. As they commercialize
impact membrane performance. The            parallel computing. This setup creates a  printers based on LMJP, Furlani’s group
models, which have been validated           high-performance and high-throughput      has developed COMSOL apps to better
experimentally by Professor Haiqing         computing environment for running         understand the printing process and
Lin at UB, provide greater insight into                                               enhance its capabilities.

how to further optimize these energy-
ef cient systems and pave the way for

additional uses.
   Furlani began turning these and

other complex models into easy-to-use
apps, as shown in Figure 2. Using the

Application Builder available in
COMSOL Multiphysics, he and his

students were able to build a simpli ed
interface on top of each model,

customized to meet the speci c needs
of different companies, and empower

a larger group of people to run their
own simulation tests. "With custom

applications, you have all of the power
of COMSOL Multiphysics at your

disposal without needing the expertise
required to develop the underlying

model," Furlani said. "Users can study
details that are dif cult to measure

and can greatly expedite their product
development life cycle by reducing

costly and time-consuming                   FIGURE 3. A simulation of an inductive coil coupling in a moving vehicle. The analysis examines
trial-and-error engineering."               the impact of steel belts in a moving tire on coil inductance (a) and the magnetic eld distribution
                                            with a tire moving above an inductive coil (b). The vehicle axle motion is shown (c), as well as a 3D
   To further promote economic              computational domain for simulating the detection of the axle (d).
development via mathematical
modeling, the team is running

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